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Smoking Prevalence of LSAH Participants (LSAHNEWSV10_2_1)
Research Area:
Clinical medicine
Pulmonary physiology
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable mortality in the United States. Since the release of the first Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health in 1964, about 10 million people in the United States have died from smoking related illnesses such as heart disease, lung cancer, or emphysema. Another estimated 25 million Americans will die prematurely from a smoking-related disease if current smoking trends continue.

Over the years, as the connection between cigarette smoking and serious diseases has become indisputably clear, there has been an overall decline in the smoking rate within the general population. This change can be traced back to the first Surgeon General's Report in 1964, which officially reported cigarette smoking as the cause of cancer and other serious diseases. Subsequent acts to reduce the health hazard of smoking on society include the 1965 Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act requiring warning labels on cigarette packaging, and the prohibition of cigarette advertising on television and radio in 1969. Consequently, the smoking prevalence of adults (18 years and older) in the U.S. has declined over the years from 42.4% in 1965 to 24.1% in 1998. However, this rate seems to have reached a plateau in the 1990's, where it has hovered around the mid-20's percentage mark.

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National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Smoking prevalence of LSAH participants. In: Longitudinal Study of Astronaut Health Newsletter. November 2001;10(2):1-2.


Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. All data sets are on the Web site.
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
LSAH 01/01/1989 05/31/2010 21 years

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Jessica Keune
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)