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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Cultures, Values, and Environmental Adaptation in Space (At_Home_In_Space)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
This study assesses culture, values, and psychosocial adaptation of astronauts to a space environment shared by multinational crews on long-duration missions. Data from computer-administered questionnaires will be collected from crewmembers before, during, and after a 6-month International Space Station (ISS) mission. The objectives are:
  1. To describe the importance astronauts place on feeling at home in space and how these perceptions about home in space change over the duration of a mission.
  2. To identify the unique combination of cultures that develop during space missions (i.e., agency, national, or a shared space culture).
  3. To characterize the effects of a long-duration mission on the astronauts’ work-family interactions noting how such interactions change pre- to post-mission.
  4. To quantify changes in the astronauts’ hierarchy of important values when baseline scores are compared with those obtained after mission completion.
  5. To assess changes in problem solving, coping with stress, self-efficacy, family functioning, and involvement with their partners and children (if applicable) over pre-, during, and post-mission intervals.
  6. To recognize post-mission positive and negative psychological changes.
  7. To identify the effect of selected demographic and space career variables on patterns found in objectives 1 through 6.


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Keywords
Culture
Social values
Psychology
Acculturation
Stress, psychological

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Parameters
Acculturation
Coping response
Individualism
Interactions with children
Interactions with partners
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Expedition 47 03/02/2016 06/18/2016 108 days
Expedition 48 06/18/2016 09/06/2016 80 days
Expedition 49 09/06/2016 10/30/2016 54 days
Expedition 50 10/28/2016 04/09/2017 164 days
Expedition 51 04/09/2017 06/02/2017 55 days
Expedition 52 06/02/2017 09/02/2017 92 days
Expedition 53 09/02/2017 12/14/2017 102 days
Expedition 54 12/14/2017 02/27/2018 75 days
Expedition 55 02/27/2018 06/03/2018 96 days
Expedition 56 06/03/2018 10/04/2018 123 days
Expedition 57 10/04/2018 12/20/2018 77 days
Expedition 58 12/18/2018 03/14/2019 85 days
Expedition 59 03/14/2019 06/24/2019 102 days
Expedition 60 06/24/2019 10/03/2019 101 days

Additional Information
Co-Investigators
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Eric Gallagher
Institutional Support
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
International