Skip to page content Mission Information


Customized Refresher and Just-in-Time Training for Long-Duration Spaceflight Crews (NCC958HFP03801)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Space Human Factors Engineering
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Astronauts on long-duration missions are certain to be faced with critical and complex tasks for which the crewmember has either not recently trained, or has never been trained. This research project addresses the question of how best to bring an inflight astronaut up to evaluated readiness to perform a complex and critical task, after a significant period since final ground-training. The overall objective was to address both on-board refresher training (for re-acquisition of expert performance) and onboard just-in-time training (for tasks that have not been specifically trained previously, but require the integration of existing astronaut skills). To achieve this objective investigators tested the hypothesis that training that is customized for the crewmember can be more efficient than traditional, generic training for the same measured effectiveness. They based their research on two space flight-appropriate tasks, one requiring the repair of a complex electro-mechanical system representative of those found aboard spacecraft, and the other requiring manual control of a simulated International Space Station (ISS) robotic arm.

++ -- View more


Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. No data sets are available for this experiment. Please Contact LSDA if you know of available data for this investigation.

Crew training - medical emergencies
Just-in-time training
Learning styles
Refresher training
Skill retention

Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

+ Click here for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Eric Gallagher
Institutional Support
National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2013 HERO NNJ13ZSA002N-Crew Health (FLAGSHIP & NSBRI)