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Vitamins B1 and K Degradation in Spaceflight Foods: Establishment of Prediction Models and Prevention Strategies (NNX14AP32G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Space Human Factors Engineering
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Species: N/A

Currently, shelf stable foods that do not require refrigeration or freezing are the sole source of nutrition for the space flight crew. It is therefore crucial that these foods provide adequate nutrition to support the crew throughout the shelf life of the product. However, knowledge is currently lacking on the degradation kinetics of essential vitamins such as vitamins B1 and K during the processing and storage of space flight foods. To address this critical knowledge gap, this study aimed to measure vitamins B1 and K degradation kinetics and use this information to establish robust computational models to predict vitamin stability in space flight foods during processing and years of storage. The main approach was to identify the influence of food processing, food matrix composition, and storage conditions and other factors on the degradation kinetics of vitamins B1 and K, and then to use this knowledge to establish robust models and guiding principles to predict and prevent degradation of these vitamins.

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Goulette TR, Zhou J, Dixon WR, Normand MD, Peleg M, McClements DJ, Decker E, and Xiao H. Kinetic parameters of thiamine degradation in NASA spaceflight foods determined by the endpoints method for long-term storage. Food Chemistry. 2020. January; 13;302:125365. [DOI]

Food preservation

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. Data sets are not publicly available but can be requested.
Data Sets+ Request data

Moisture content, food
pH, food
Temperature, food
Thiamine content
Thiamine degradation
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

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Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Terry Hill
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2013 HERO NNJ13ZSA002N-Crew Health (FLAGSHIP & NSBRI)