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CREWS: Crew Recommender for Effective Work in Space (NNX15AM32G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Team composition, the configuration of member attributes and their relationships, is a critical enabling feature of fostering effective teamwork and likely plays an important role in the effectiveness of future long-duration space exploration (LDSE). Limited research on team composition in environments analogous to LDSE exists, and how team composition can be used to optimize crew functioning and performance is unclear.

The research aims are to:

  1. Identify the effects of team composition on team functioning in LDSE and the critical factors of team composition driving this effect.
  2. Identify particular patterns of this effect with different team compositions.
  3. Identify methods for composing teams for LDSE.
  4. Develop a predictive team composition model for use in composing teams and identify potential issues with already composed teams.
  5. Provide recommendations for composing teams for LDSE.

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Task performance and analysis

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Boundary spanning
Decision making style
Emotion regulation
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress
HERA Campaign 4 05/06/2017 06/18/2018 Four 45 days One 23 days
HERA Campaign 5 02/15/2019 03/09/2020 Four 45 day missions

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

+ Click here for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Jessica Keune
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2014-15 HERO NNJ14ZSA001N