SCALE: Shared Cognitive Architectures for Long-term Exploration (NNX15AM26G)
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human
Among the remarkable team challenges NASA faces in long-duration space exploration (LDSE) missions is the need to maintain team shared mental models (SMMs). Maintaining team SMMs requires the ability to detect shifts in cognition that will likely occur during the mission that could lead to ineffective crew functioning and performance. Maintaining team SMMs also requires validated countermeasures for bringing team members' cognitive understanding back into alignment. Leaving low Earth orbit requires extreme teamwork. Team SMMs need to be maintained within teams operating close up (the crew), and between teams operating at an unprecedented distance (i.e., the crew and ground; 33 million miles in the case of a mission to Mars).
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A multidisciplinary research team will leverage expertise in Psychology, Industrial Engineering, and Anthropology to understand the emergence and outcomes of critical shifts in team cognition over LDSE missions. This project leverages a novel conceptual framework of shared cognitive architecture (SCA) to understand the patterns of SMMs that dynamically link members of teams, and teams to other teams, as they go beyond low Earth orbit. Investigators use semantic analysis to identify cognitive shifts, and relational event network analysis to understand the antecedents and consequences of these shifts. They use these alongside an agent-based model (ABM) on LDSE analog data, so that they can explore an exhaustive set of potential triggering conditions that must be unpacked to conduct efficient ground analog research. They will then conduct this research in the Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA), Moonwalk, and in Antarctica on the Concordia Station.
This experiment is in progress. Results will be available at a later date.
Task performance and analysis
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.
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Mental models, shared
Team cognitive shifts
HERA Campaign 4
Four 45 days One 23 days
HERA Campaign 5
Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit.
The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health
and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration.
Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity,
and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors,
and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify
the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific
Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.
The Human Research Roadmap is located at: https://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/
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for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Eric Gallagher
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
2014-15 HERO NNJ14ZSA001N
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