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Asynchronous Techniques for the Delivery of Empirically Supported Psychotherapies (NNX15AN64G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human


Astronauts are exposed to extreme environments and behavioral health risks during space missions. These stressors may place astronauts at elevated risk for behavioral health consequences including delirium, adjustment disorders, asthenia, and mood and anxiety problems, especially during long-duration missions. An expected barrier to delivering treatment to astronauts during long-duration missions is the lag in real-time communication between astronauts and mental health specialists on Earth. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify technologies that will best facilitate the use of psychotherapeutic techniques when real-time communication is not possible.

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Bleidistel M, Gonzalez A, Shim M, Mahaffey B. A scoping review of human-support factors in the context of Internet-based psychological interventions (IPIs) for depression and anxiety disorders. Clinical Psychology Review. 2017 Nov;57:129-40. [DOI]

Models, Psychological

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. Data sets are not publicly available but can be requested.
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

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Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2014-15 HERO NNJ14ZSA001N