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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Asynchronous Behavioral Health Treatment Techniques (NNX15AP57G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
There are many potential challenges and dangers in carrying out human space flight. From a behavioral health standpoint, stress and anxiety-related problems, fatigue/sleep disturbance, and interpersonal conflict, are common problems that can arise for those working in operational environments. These problems, if not addressed in advance via training, can potentially escalate into significant problems such as anxiety disorder, depressive episode, severe sleep disturbance or conflict that can seriously impact performance, safety, and well-being. Exploration missions present unique challenges to addressing behavioral health issues due to communication delays where real-time communication limitations could hamper the delivery of behavioral health support. This study addresses these potential problems by examining and evaluating existing behavioral health techniques and determining the best practices for addressing behavioral health concerns that could arise on exploration missions.

The final research product will comprise several components. The main deliverable will be data from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) examining the efficacy, feasibility, and acceptability of asynchronous behavioral techniques in comparison to traditionally delivered psychotherapy (i.e., in-person) focusing on a behavioral health condition of relevance to space flight such as stress, sleep/fatigue, and conflict. The behavioral health techniques examined will be evidence-based (e.g., cognitive-behavioral therapy--CBT) and will not consist of new or unvalidated treatments. The RCT will be conducted at the UCLA Psychology Clinic with high functioning and healthy participants who report current symptomatology such as stress, low-level anxiety, or depressive symptoms.


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Keywords
Sleep
Behavior
Light
Actigraphy
Communication

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Parameters
Activity
Alertness
Anger
Conflict
Confusion
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at: https://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/

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Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Pamela A. Bieri
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
07/20/2015
Proposal Source
2014-15 HERO NNJ14ZSA001N