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Training for Generalizable Skills and Knowledge: Integrating Principles and Procedures (NNX15AP26G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Space Human Factors Engineering
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Crews in future long duration space missions require astronauts to adapt to and address challenges drawing on their own skills and knowledge, supported by on-board resources and system automation. Communication lags between the crew and ground mission control require that astronauts adapt to and address challenges drawing on their own skills and knowledge, supported by on-board resources and system automation. Even with short delays, communication becomes more difficult and the overhead of seeking help from earth becomes much greater. Further, crew-size is likely to be smaller, and time from training longer, increasing the challenge of ensuring sufficient manpower and adequate skills and knowledge of crews on future long-distance missions. To support the required increase in self-reliance, crews must be trained for altered operations. They must be able to generalize and adapt old skills and knowledge to transfer to new situations. While important for all human space flight, the skills and knowledge to support such transfer, as well as to retain the specifics of what one has been taught, are particularly critical for operations far from earth.

Cognitive psychology, education, and training researchers have investigated many issues related to transfer and retention of skills and knowledge. The objectives of this investigation was to identify the characteristics of skills and knowledge that lead to better retention and transfer context to new situations. By identifying these the proposed research also will help identify how current training practices at NASA should be changed to acquire integrated skills and knowledge.

This study had the following aims:

  1. Determine which skills and knowledge can be retained and generalized.
  2. Determine which skills and knowledge are needed for operating and supporting on-board life support systems.
  3. Determine how expertise and transferable skills and knowledge are interrelated

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Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in Progress. Some restricted access data exist for this experiment.
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Completion time
Component type
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

+ Click here for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Terry Hill
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2014-15 HERO NNJ14ZSA001N