A US-Russian Collaborative Proposal for Data Collection in HERA: The Relationship between Composition, Interpersonal Relations, and Team Effectiveness in Space Crews (NNX16AQ48G)
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human
Investigators aim to develop a cutting-edge integrative model which details how team member attributes, combinations thereof, and interpersonal perceptions affects the emergence of relational states in isolated and confined environments (ICE). Specifically, they are going to develop and empirically test a process model of interpersonal relationship formation in ICE. As part of their research, they will also examine the validity of the Personal Self-Perception and Attitudes (PSPA), which is a standardized measure utilized by the Russians to assess interpersonal compatibility and relations.
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The research is a US-Russian collaborative effort in which they the researchers leverage existing data previously collected in the Mars 105 and Mars 500 simulations; collect new data using analog-definition research in NASA’s Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA); and use a novel data analysis approach to create an interpersonal model that can be used in ICE.
Prior to entry into the HERA, data will be collected on individual differences related to the initiation of relational events. Investigators will also use the PSPA approach to identify salient attributes important to crewmembers in forming their interpersonal relations, as well as initial interpersonal perception ratings. During the mission, investigators will collect self-report measures focused on interpersonal perception, emotion regulation and affect, and relational states such as efficacy, cohesion, and liking using sociometric measures. Data are also collected before and after performance on collaborative tasks. PSPA is also collected several times during the mission. Post mission, crewmembers will complete debriefs which include the PSPA, self-report measures of interactions, and relational states.
This experiment is in progress. Results will be available at a later date.
Task performance and analysis
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.
Interpersonal perception ratings
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HERA Campaign 4
Four 45 days One 23 days
HERA Campaign 5
Four 45 day missions
Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit.
The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health
and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration.
Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity,
and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors,
and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify
the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific
Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.
The Human Research Roadmap is located at: https://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/
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for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Pamela A. Bieri
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N