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Developing and Validating Sensor-based Measurement Strategies for Team Member Selection (NNX17AB55G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Selecting astronauts for long-duration space exploration (LDSE) missions poses unique challenges for NASA. Candidates must be selected based on a set of behavioral competencies underpinning effective performance during extended and isolated missions. Additionally, an effective selection system will require new measurement methods capable of discriminating between individuals in a population already exhibiting extreme range restriction. Sensor-based, sociometric, and more generally, unobtrusive measurement methods hold promise as valuable tools for addressing these needs and complementing existing competency assessment methods.

The specific aims are as follows:

  1. Using traditional methods of competency assessment, generate construct and criterion validity evidence for individual and team LDSE behavioral competencies in NASA’s Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) and clinical residency program analogs.
  2. Develop unobtrusive and sociometric indices of individual and team LDSE behavioral competencies, and generate construct and criterion validity evidence in the three target analog environments.
  3. Develop an open architecture system for integrating sensor-based measurement systems and extracting sociometric indices of individual and team LDSE competencies.
  4. Develop guidelines for the use of sociometric measures in selection.

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Task performance analysis

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Interaction patterns
Psychosocial states
Responses, team
Task performance, objective
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
HERA Campaign 5 02/15/2019 03/09/2020 Four 45 day missions
HERA Campaign 6 10/01/2021 In progress

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

+ Click here for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Jessica Keune
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N