Developing and Validating Sensor-based Measurement Strategies for Team Member Selection (NNX17AB55G)
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human
Selecting astronauts for long-duration space exploration (LDSE) missions poses unique challenges for NASA. Candidates must be selected based on a set of behavioral competencies underpinning effective performance during extended and isolated missions. Additionally, an effective selection system will require new measurement methods capable of discriminating between individuals in a population already exhibiting extreme range restriction. Sensor-based, sociometric, and more generally, unobtrusive measurement methods hold promise as valuable tools for addressing these needs and complementing existing competency assessment methods.
The specific aims are as follows:
- Using traditional methods of competency assessment, generate construct and criterion validity evidence for individual and team LDSE behavioral competencies in NASA’s Human Exploration Research Analog (HERA) and clinical residency program analogs.
- Develop unobtrusive and sociometric indices of individual and team LDSE behavioral competencies, and generate construct and criterion validity evidence in the three target analog environments.
- Develop an open architecture system for integrating sensor-based measurement systems and extracting sociometric indices of individual and team LDSE competencies.
- Develop guidelines for the use of sociometric measures in selection.
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Phase 1 data collection includes a battery of structured work sample tasks such as controlled simulations identified through LDSE job analysis and targeted task analyses conducted as a part of this work. These simulations will allow for data collection in controlled environments where objective performance outcomes can be captured.
Phase 2 data collection comprises repeated measures of on the job performance. In the clinical field studies, this includes patient care and other duties in the hospital. In these settings, objective task performance measures are difficult to obtain. Self, peer, and supervisory ratings will be collected along with sociometric data.
Phase 3 data collection involves a second battery of structured work sample tasks. This design allows for tests of both concurrent and predictive validity study designs.
This study is in progress. Results will be available at a later date.
Task performance analysis
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.
Task performance, objective
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Task performance, subjective
Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit.
The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health
and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration.
Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity,
and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors,
and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify
the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific
Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.
The Human Research Roadmap is located at: https://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/
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for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Jessica Keune
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N