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A Multi-faceted Approach to Examine Team Adaptation and Resilience within Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments (NNX16AM17G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Long-duration exploration mission (LDEM) crews will work and live together in an isolated, confined, extreme (ICE) environment for a period of up to 30 months. Physical and psychological stressors are inherent in such a mission, triggered by living in a small habitat, in continual close proximity to others, separated from family and friends, while carrying out a dangerous mission with a high workload, and doing so without real- time support from mission control. In addition to on-going, low-grade chronic stressors, a crew on a LDEM is likely to experience several unanticipated acute stressors, including perhaps one or more emergencies. Therefore, a successful LDEM crew will need to self-adapt as a mission progresses, working through and recovering from various challenges, and sustaining their resilience.

Each LDEM crewmember will need to adapt and maintain personal resilience. But, equally important, the crew will also need to adapt and sustain their resilience as a team. Researchers have traditionally examined adaptation and resilience from an individual perspective, but to ensure that LDEM crews are ready for the challenges they will face, there is a need to better understand how adaption and resilience operate at the team level. Doing so will allow for the development of validated countermeasures that can be deployed prior to and at appropriate times during a mission, increasing a LDEM crew’s ability to handle the stressors associated with ICE environments and enabling them to adjust when unexpected challenges emerge. This study addresses both the fundamental need to learn ore about team adaptation and resilience, as well as the need to develop and test potential countermeasures.

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Adaptation, physiological

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Emergent states
Team adaptation
Team cognition
Team dynamics
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress
HERA Campaign 5 02/15/2019 03/09/2020 Four 45 day missions

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

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Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Jessica Keune
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Alternate Experiment Name
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N