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Team Cohesion Monitoring Badge: Development of Galvanic Skin Resistance Modality (NNX16AR52G)
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Technology development
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

The research team developed a monitoring and regulation system designed to unobtrusively measure and support team collaboration and cohesion under grant NNX13AM77G (Measuring, Monitoring, and Regulating Teamwork for Long Duration Mission). One key component of the system was a monitoring badge, a wearable body sensor array designed to assess the frequency, duration, and quality of collaborative interactions between team members as it worked together to accomplish team tasks, as well as physiological metrics such as heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV).

The investigators were able to evaluate the high frequency interaction data streamed by the badges. They also had promising experimental evidence indicating that positive and negative affective reactions to specific team member interactions can be predicted from badge data. Specifically, interactions between team members that involved a cognitive stressor were associated with negative affect and performance failures for the stressed team member. HR predicted both affective states. However, negative affect was predicted by a significant interaction between HR and HRV. This was a very promising finding, because it indicated that the psychosocial status of team members can be inferred analytically from interaction metrics combined with HR and HRV data streams that are monitored by the badges. 

This study had the following specific aims:

  1. Extend technology development of the sensor platform to integrate a GSR sensor, develop relevant software, and redesign the badge casework.
  2. Validate the utility of the GSR sensor to improve discrimination of positive and negative affective states.

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Chan Chu-Hsiang, Golden Simon, Kozlowski Steve . Teams in isolated, confined, and extreme (ICE) environments: Review and integration. Journal of Organizational Behavior 2018. April 19; 39:6 [DOI]

Kozlowski, S. W. J., & Chao, G. T. (2018). Unpacking team process dynamics and emergent phenomena: Challenges, conceptual advances, and innovative methods. American Psychologist, 73(4), 576–592.

Technology assessment
Heart rate

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. Data sets are not publicly available but can be requested.
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Affective states
Cognitive load
Galvanic skin response
Heart rate (HR)
Heart rate variability (HRV)
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

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Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2015-16 HERO NNJ15ZSA001N