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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Team Task Switching and Entrainment on the International Space Station: Exploring Multiteam Membership, Systems, and Networks to Understand and Enable Crew Functioning and Effectiveness [Team Task Switching] (Team_Task_Switching)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
Astronauts are routinely assigned a variety of tasks to complete during flight. Some of the tasks are individual in nature (independent), but others require participation of a team (interdependent). It is a common occurrence that while performing one task, attention is drawn away to an alternative task. Whether self-selected or forced, these transitions can effect motivation, lead to performance errors, and influence crew functioning.

Four types of performance errors have been identified as resulting from task switching:

  1. Forced task switching may result in incomplete or imperfect performance of the task in progress prior to the switch
  2. Forced task switching may result in incomplete or imperfect performance of the task switched to if the astronaut’s attention is still drawn by the previous task
  3. A task which is not sufficiently attractive to the crew may result in incomplete performance of the task
  4. A task which is not “sticky” enough to the crew may result in incomplete performance of the task

Incomplete or imperfect performance may require additional work to either complete or correct resulting issues.

The objective of this investigation is to help identify the most important elements of tasks and crews that influence these four errors that occur when switching tasks.


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Keywords
Task performance and analysis
Personality

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Parameters
Adaptability
Completed interview
Emotions
Performance assessment
Personality
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Expedition 55 02/27/2018 06/03/2018 96 days
Expedition 56 06/03/2018 10/04/2018 123 days
Expedition 57 10/04/2018 In progress
Expedition 58 Future mission
Expedition 59 Future mission

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Terry Hill
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Alternate Experiment Name
TETS
Proposal Date
01/01/2015
Proposal Source
2013-14 HERO NNJ13ZSA002N-ILSRA