Four types of performance errors have been identified as resulting from task switching:
Incomplete or imperfect performance may require additional work to either complete or correct resulting issues.
The objective of this investigation is to help identify the most important elements of tasks and crews that influence these four errors that occur when switching tasks.
Preflight, between 180 days (L-180) and 60 (L-60) days before launch, a fifteen minute survey will be completed using Qualtrics, a browser based questionnaire system that delivers results directly to the investigator. The survey will be used to identify personality characteristics and individual differences. Postflight, between 1 (R+1) and 15 (R+15) days after return to Earth, data collection will consist of a thirty minute semi-structured interview with the investigator.
During flight, subjects will complete a fifteen minute survey approximately every two weeks, beginning on flight day 14 (FD14). Actual collection days may vary +/- five days from nominal collection days to allow for the variability of task schedules and onboard activities. The survey will consist of scale items regarding features of tasks, transitions between tasks, and feelings and perceptions that occurred during the tasks and transitions. The survey will be completed using the Data Collection Tool (DCT) which resides on the Station Support Computer (SSC).
This investigation is in progress. Results are not yet available.
NOTE: This experiment combines the flight portion of experiments "Understanding and Preventing Crew Member Task Entrainment (NNX15AK77G)" and "Team Task Switching in Astronaut Crews on the International Space Station: Integrating Multiteam Membership, Multiteam Systems, Multitasking,& Multidimensional Networks to Monitor & Enable Functional Work Shifts in Astronaut Crews (NNX15AK73G)". Refer to either or both of these experiments for related ground portions.