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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Space Radiation Effects on the Central Nervous System (Alteino)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Radiation biology
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
This experiment is aimed at: studying cosmic particles in the International Space Station (ISS) as revealed by an Advanced Silicon Telescope (AST) and studying the effects that such particles, and more in general the space environmental conditions, have on cerebral functions as monitored by an advanced electrophysiological recording system [ElectroEncephaloGrapher (EEG)]. In particular the study of Light Flashes (the visual phenomena originated by the interaction of cosmic radiation with the human visual apparatus) will be carried out. The scientific objectives of the program feature therefore two major aspects: radiobiological / Particle physics studies and electrophysiological studies. Alteino is the precursor of ALTEA , which will determine the risk factors linked to cerebral functions during long space missions.


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Publications
Casolino M, Bidoli V, Minori M, Narici L, De Pascale MP, Picozza P, Reali E, Zaconte V, Fuglesang C, Vittori R, Carlson P, Galper A, Korotkov M, Popov A, Vavilov N, Avdeev S, Benghin VV, Petrov VP, Salnitskii VP, Shevchenko OI, Trukhanov KA, Shurshakov VA, Boezio M, Bonvicini W, Vacchi A, Zampa G, Zampa N, Mazzenga G, Ricci M, Spillantini P. Relative nuclear abundances inside ISS with Sileye-3/Alteino experiment. Advances in Space Research. 2006; 37(9): 1685-1690.

Casolino M, Bidoli V, Minori M, Narici L, De Pascale MP, Picozza P, Reali E, Zaconte V, Fuglesang C, Vittori R, Sannita WG, Carlson P, Galper A, Korotkov M, Kolmykov A, Popov A, Vavilov N, Avdeev S, Benghin VV, Petrov VP, Salnitskii VP, Shevchenko OI, Shurshakov VA, Trukhanov KA, Boezio M, Bonvicini W, Vacchi A, Zampa N, Zampa G, Mazzenga G, Ricci M, Spillantini P, Rantucci E, Scrimaglio R, Segreto E. Detector response and calibration of the cosmic-ray detector of the Sileye-3/Alteino experiment. Advances in Space Research. 2006; 37(9): 1691-1696.

Casolino M. Observations of the Light Flash phenomenon in space. Advances in Space Research. 2006; 38(6): 1177-1181.

Scrimaglio R, Rantucci E, Segreto E, Nurzia G, Finetti N, Di Gaetano A, Tassoni A, Picozza P, Narici L, Casolino M, Di Fino L, Rinaldi A, Zaconte V. Analysis of Sileye-3/Alteino data with a neural network technique: Particle discrimination and energy reconstruction. Advances in Space Research. 2006; 37(9): 1697-1703.

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. No data sets are available for this experiment. Please Contact LSDA if you know of available data for this investigation.

Parameters
Electroencephalogram
Heavy ion angle
Heavy ion charge
Heavy ion energy

Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Expedition 4 12/05/2001 06/19/2002 196 days

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Pamela A. Bieri
Institutional Support
European Space Agency (ESA)