Obtaining new data on the mechanisms and efficiency of various modes of physical prevention of adverse micro-gravity effects on human organism - reduction of orthostatic stability (human body tolerance to moving from horizontal to vertical position), reduction of aerobic (respiratory) capabilities, reduction in strength and endurance of skeletal muscles, skeletal muscle atrophy, bone demineralization.
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Comparing the efficiencies of different modes of physical prophylaxis in zero-gravity conditions applied to the same crew members conducting tests based on the use of advanced measurement technologies for further improvement of the physical prophylaxis system with the aim of its using aboard the space station. In the course of the tests a gas analysis, blood count, measurement of external respiration and arterial pressure parameters, recording of electrocardiogram and heart rate were performed.
|Mission||Launch/Start Date||Landing/End Date||Duration|
|Expedition 10||10/13/2004||04/24/2005||193 days|
|Expedition 11||04/14/2005||10/10/2005||179 days|
|Expedition 12||09/30/2005||04/30/2006||180 days|
|Expedition 14||09/18/2006||04/21/2007||215 days|
|Expedition 15||04/07/2007||10/21/2007||197 days|
|Expedition 17||04/08/2008||10/23/2008||198 days|
|Expedition 4||12/05/2001||06/19/2002||196 days|
|Expedition 7||04/25/2003||10/27/2003||185 days|
|Expedition 8||10/18/2003||04/29/2004||195 days|
|Expedition 9||04/18/2004||10/23/2004||188 days|