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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Testosterone Supplementation as a Countermeasure against Musculoskeletal Losses during Space Exploration (NNX10AP86G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Bone and calcium physiology
Muscle physiology
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
The long-term goal of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of testosterone at preserving lean muscle mass, muscle strength, and bone mineral density in healthy humans during space flight. Investigators examined the interactive or additive effects of the combination of testosterone and exercise on lean body mass, muscle strength, and bone health.

To achieve these goals investigators tested the following hypotheses before, during, and after 70 days of bed rest:

  1. Cycled testosterone replacement (weekly testosterone injections for two weeks, followed by two weeks off) in conjunction with exercise will have an additive effect in preventing loss of muscle mass and muscle strength in men representative of the astronaut population compared to exercise with placebo testosterone.
  2. Cycled testosterone replacement (weekly testosterone injections for two weeks, followed by two weeks off) in conjunction with exercise will have an additive effect in preventing loss of bone mass and alterations in markers of bone metabolism in men representative of the astronaut population compared to exercise with placebo testosterone.
To address these hypotheses investigators studied the following specific aims before, during, and after 70 days of bed rest:
  1. To determine the effect of cycled testosterone replacement in conjunction with resistance exercise during bed rest on muscle mass, muscle strength, and fatigue in men aged 24-55 years.
  2. To determine the effect of cycled testosterone replacement in conjunction with resistance exercise during bed rest on markers of bone metabolism and bone mass in men aged 24-55 years.


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Keywords
Amino acids
Bone density
Exercise
Leucine
Muscle strength
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Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. Data sets are not publicly available but can be requested.
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Parameters
Bone mineral density
Cholesterol
Cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Cortisol
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Campaign 11 05/11/2011 12/15/2014 3 years, 7 months, 4 days

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at: https://humanresearchroadmap.nasa.gov/

+ Click here for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Pamela A. Bieri
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
07/30/2010
Proposal Source
2009 Crew Health NNJ09ZSA002N