Skip to page content Mission Information

EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Synergistic Factors Influencing Embryonic Differentiation and Development of the Flour Beetle (P-1039)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Developmental biology
Radiation biology
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Tribolium confusum Species: Beetle Strain: Flour

Description
Objectives:

This experiment studied the direct effect of weightlessness and combined effects of gamma radiation and weightlessness on somatic wing development, germ cells, and the pupal period of flour beetles. From preflight testing, it was found that the predominant abnormality produced was a morphologic, easily recognizable deformation in the size and structure of the membranous wings. Low numbers of these abnormalities were found to occur spontaneously, while at high doses to pupae, almost 100% of the adult animals will develop the abnormality.


++ -- View more

Publications
Buckhold, B. and J.V. Slater: Effect of Temperature and X-Irradiation on Pupae of the Flour Beetle Tribolium confusum. Radiation Research, vol. 37, 1969, pp. 567-576.

Buckhold, B. et al.: Some Effects of Spaceflight on the Flour Beetle, Tribolium confusum. BIOSPEX: Biological Space Experiments, NASA TM-58217, 1979, p. 102.

Buckhold, B. et al.: Some Effects of Spaceflight on the Flour Beetle, Tribolium confusum. The Experiments of Biosatellite II, NASA SP-204, 1971, pp. 79-95.

Buckhold, B.: Biosatellite II: Physiological and Somatic Effects on Insects. Life Sciences and Space Research: Proceedings of the 11th Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Tokyo, Japan, May 14-16, 1968, North Holland Publishing, 1969, pp. 77-83.

Slater, J.V. et al.: Effect on a Flour Bettle of Irradiation During Space Flight. Bioscience, Vol 18 (No. 6):595-597, 1968

Slater, J.V. et al.: Environmental Studies with the Flour Beetle Tribolium confusum. Life Sciences and Space Research: Proceedings of the 12th Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Prague, Czechoslovakia, May 11-14, 1969, North Holland Publishing, 1970, p. 5.

Slater, J.V. et al.: Spaceflight Enhancement of Irradiation Effects in the Flour Beetle Tribolium confusum. Radiation Research, vol. 39, 1969, pp. 68-81.

Slater, J.V. et al.: Synergism of X-Irradiation and Spaceflight in the Flour Beetle. Radiation Research, vol. 35, 1968, p. 501.

von Borstel, R.C. et al.: Experiments with Habrobracon and Tribolium on Biosatellite II. Japanese Journal of Genetics, vol. 63, 1968, p. 464.

Keywords
Abnormalities
Abnormalities, radiation-induced
Behavior, animal
Chromosome aberrations
Chromosome breakage
++ -- View more

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. No data sets are available for this experiment. Please Contact LSDA if you know of available data for this investigation.

Parameters
Behavior: insect
Chromosome breakage
Mutation rate, lethal-dominant
Mutation rate, wing
Radiation, dose, Provided, for study of synergism with weightlessness
++ -- View more

Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Biosatellite II 09/07/1967 09/09/1967 2 days

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Ames Research Center (ARC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Ames Research Center LSDA Level 3
Project Manager: Helen Stewart
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Alternate Experiment Name
BIO2-8
Protocol / Approach