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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Effects of Simulated Microgravity on Sumoylation (80NSSC19K0428)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Cell and molecular biology

Description
OBJECTIVES:
The long-term goal of the Miller lab is to understand how signal transduction circuits control microtubules so that effective and targeted interventions can be developed to manipulate microtubule functions in stressful situations like disease and space travel. The Miller lab recently established that the microtubule-associated protein Stu2p interacts with SUMO. Preliminary data from the Miller lab suggest that there are two modes of interaction between Stu2p and SUMO: a covalent interaction in which Stu2p is conjugated by SUMO and a non-covalent interaction in which Stu2p simply binds to SUMO. The objective of this work is to identify novel signal transduction mechanisms that regulate cytoskeletal networks in response to simulated microgravity conditions. The rationale is that by achieving a fuller understanding of the regulation of cytoskeletal polymers under simulated microgravity conditions on Earth, researchers can develop more complete hypotheses of how the cytoskeleton responds to gravitational changes in the space environment, which can be tested in future space missions. This knowledge may be used to design interventions for adverse health effects that are associated with space travel. The specific goal of this proposal is to determine how simulated microgravity alters the interaction of SUMO with the cellular proteome, and microtubule-associated proteins (MAPS) in particular. The central hypothesis of this work is that microgravity alters the post-translational modifications of lysine residues of a wide variety of cytoskeletal proteins. To test this hypothesis, the post-translational modifications on lysines residues will be analyzed on a proteome-wide basis by mass-spectrometry and immunoblotting under simulated microgravity conditions. We will also test whether the proteome binds differentially to SUMO when it experiences microgravity. An additional emphasis will be placed on the MAP Stu2p.


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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Ames Research Center (ARC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Ames Research Center LSDA Level 3
Project Manager: Helen Stewart
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
03/01/2019
Proposal Source
2016-17 Space Biology (ROSBio) NNH16ZTT001N-FG. App G: Flight and Ground Space Biology Research