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Project FUSION: Facilitating Unified Systems of Interdependent Organizational Networks (80NSSC18K0511)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

As humans set their sights on Mars, and other destinations beyond lower Earth orbit, they must enable extreme forms of teamwork across Spaceflight Multiteam Systems (SFMTSs) composed of teams that are separated by unprecedented degrees of space and time. In this study, investigators are engaging in a transformative research program rooted in the past decade of theory and research on MTSs, but breaking new ground in how MTSs are conceptualized and studied. Their programmatic research aims to illuminate the underlying forces that give rise to the psycho-social relational states (e.g., influence, trust, shared cognition) within and between teams that underpin mission success. These crucial relationships, and the drivers of their emergence, will need to be understood, monitored, and at times, circumvented using countermeasures in order to enable coordinated efforts across the SFMTSs involved in Long-duration Exploration Mission (LDEMs). Project FUSION is an applied research project with the ultimate goal of delivering a countermeasure toolkit to facilitate SFMTS functioning during LDEMs. The proposed countermeasure toolkit consists of: (1) a SFMTS task analysis procedure, (2) a decision-making guidebook based the investigators agent-based computational model of SFMTS dynamics, (3) a multiteam training countermeasure ready for operational implementation with astronauts and mission controllers, and (4) a multiteam debriefing protocol ready for operational implementation with astronauts and mission controllers.

This study has the following specific aims:

  1. Identify the key MTS factors affecting networks of affective, cognitive, and instrumental relational states within and between teams.
  2. Identify developmental factors that trigger shifts in networks of affective, cognitive, and instrumental relational states within and between teams.
  3. Identify factors of affective, cognitive, and instrumental relational states that affect team and system coordination and performance.
  4. Provide validated recommendations for proactive and/or reactive countermeasures targeting affective, cognitive, and instrumental relational states to help enable LDEM MTS coordination and mission success.

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Technology assessment

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
HERA Campaign 5 02/15/2019 03/09/2020 Four 45 day missions

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

+ Click here for information of how this experiment is contributing to the HRP's path for risk reduction.

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2016-2017 HERO NNJ16ZSA001N-Crew Health (FLAGSHIP, OMNIBUS).