This study has the following specific aims:
Research Foci 1 will provide contextually rich, in-depth information gathered from NASA, analog, and international space flight personnel as well as archival resources, in order to define the key characteristics, potential triggers, and performance outcomes for space flight MTSs as well as to better understand and evaluate existing countermeasure protocols and develop new countermeasures for MTS coordination and performance.
Research Foci 2 is the development, refinement, and application of an agent-based model (ABMs) reflecting the generative mechanisms of instrumental, affective, and cognitive relational states within and between teams over time. ABMs are computer simulations which afford insights into emergent behavior resulting from actions and interactions that occur within complex systems. To build the ABM in this project the investigators will begin by leveraging and “docking” two ABMs that are being built in currently-funded NASA projects. The first ABM investigates the ways in which personal characteristics, task attributes, and contextual factors give rise to affective and instrumental ties among individuals and teams working in space flight MTSs. The second model depicts the emergence of cognitive networks in MTSs by demonstrating how individual cognitive associations between concepts strengthen or weaken over time.
Research Foci 3 In the third research foci, investigators will conduct controlled laboratory and analog experiments using the Project Redplanet Exploration and Development (RED) testbed. These experiments will evaluate countermeasures developed based on field data and the ABMs. The experiments will be designed to reflect key attributes of the Space flight MTSs, such as high levels of differentiation between teams based on differences in geographic location, functional areas of expertise, communication delays, goals, and teamwork norms. In a Project RED experimental session, four 3-member interdisciplinary teams work interdependently to solve a complex task: the design of a well to support a human colony on Mars. This 12-person MTS performs two tasks lasting approximately two hours: design and relay. In the design task, the goal is to work across disciplines to locate and integrate expertise. In the relay task, the goal is to efficiently share information across a complex network. The Project RED software provides metrics of individual, team, and system performance. System performance will be indexed in terms of both efficiency and ingenuity, both important aspects of space mission team success. The software interface provides digital traces to index information sharing and utilization, team attention allocation, and problem solving unobtrusively.
This study is in progress but preliminary results are available.
In the first year of the project, the research team made substantial progress toward achieving the research goals of each foci and the development of the countermeasure toolkit. The first six months of the first year constituted a “definitional” phase for this project. During the definitional phase, the research team addressed suggestions and concerns raised by NASA personnel related to the project. Investigators formalized their proposed approaches and completed a series of tasks related to each of the three research foci and the proposed countermeasure toolkit. The tasks completed during the definitional phase are now serving as the foundation of the research program and the development of the countermeasure toolkit.
|Mission||Launch/Start Date||Landing/End Date||Duration|
|HERA Campaign 5||02/15/2019||03/09/2020||Four 45 day missions|