The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Human Research Program (HRP) develops, conducts, and delivers research findings and countermeasures that will maintain the health and safety of crews aboard the International Space Station (ISS) and future exploration class missions. Research operations are conducted during space flight on the ISS including the collection of human physiological samples and their return to Earth for analysis. These operations include the areas of clinical medicine, cardiovascular, bone and muscular systems, immunology, endocrinology, and urology. To support these objectives, the Biochemical Profile Project will be instituted to strategically support these investments to meet the challenges of human reseearch.
Blood and urine are commonly used to assess an astronaut's health as well as conduct research in physiological disciplines by measuring key biomarkers found in these fluids. This project will collect, process and store blood and urine samples obtained during the preflight, inflight and postflight phases of ISS missions and maintain a database of results from the analysis of these samples. A database of these samples will provide supporting evidence to scientists by providing metabolic profiles of the effects of space flight on human physiology.
For crewmembers participating in 180 day missions, in-flight urine collections and blood draws will be on Flight Days 15, 30, 60 , 120 and 180 and R-14. For crewmembers participating in missions longer than 180 days, additional collections will occur at Flight Days 240, 300, and 360. All in-flight sessions will consist of a 24-hour urine collection, blood draw and subsequent processing. Urine samples will be frozen and returned to Earth for analysis. Blood samples will be processed (coagulation and centrifuged), frozen and then returned to Earth for analysis. In-flight body mass will be determined at least monthly during flight with either the SLAMMD or BMMD.
The results for this experiment are currently not available.
|Mission||Launch/Start Date||Landing/End Date||Duration|
|Expedition 37||09/10/2013||11/10/2013||61 days|
|Expedition 38||11/10/2013||03/10/2014||120 days|
|Expedition 39||03/10/2014||05/13/2014||64 days|
|Expedition 40||05/13/2014||09/10/2014||133 days|
|Expedition 41||09/10/2014||11/09/2014||29 days|
|Expedition 42||11/10/2014||03/11/2015||121 days|
|Expedition 43||03/11/2015||06/10/2015||91 days|
|Expedition 44||06/10/2015||09/11/2015||93 days|
|Expedition 45||09/11/2015||12/11/2015||91 days|
|Expedition 46||12/11/2015||03/02/2016||82 days|
|Expedition 47||03/02/2016||06/18/2016||108 days|
|Expedition 48||06/18/2016||09/06/2016||80 days|
|Expedition 49||09/06/2016||10/30/2016||54 days|
|Expedition 50||10/28/2016||04/09/2017||164 days|
|Expedition 51||04/09/2017||06/02/2017||55 days|
|Expedition 52||06/02/2017||09/02/2017||92 days|
|Expedition 53||09/02/2017||12/14/2017||102 days|
|Expedition 54||12/14/2017||02/27/2018||75 days|
|Expedition 55||02/27/2018||06/03/2018||96 days|
|Expedition 56||06/03/2018||10/04/2018||123 days|
|Expedition 57||10/04/2018||In progress|