The objectives were:
1. To initiate an activity to gather and document microgravity effects on body measurements: lengths, breadths, widths, circumferences, and joint angles of subjects exposed to microgravity in an unsuited condition.
2. To determine if/how the NBP is influenced by the above factors.
3. This was the first time these proposed measures were collected in space. It was anticipated that body measurements would change due to microgravity and fluid shifts. The goal of this study was to gather preliminary data to better understand the magnitude and variability of these changes. This data is important for NASA to be able to determine the changes that may occur during long-duration space flight and once obtained, NASA engineers may be able to apply these changes to suit fit, suit sizing, work station design, etc. for current and near future missions. These changes will help NASA to prevent potential crew injury during extended on-orbit missions.
Pre- and post-flight data collection sessions took place at JSC in the ISS U.S. Lab mock-up facility in B9, in the morning. Pre-flight data collection occurred for one session at L-6 months. Post-flight data collection occurred for one session within R+30 days. Each single pre- and post-flight data session was 60 minutes long, and measurements were collected using a standard anthropometer and tape measure three times; for photographic imagery, two pictures per posture were collected using the same procedures as the in-flight data session.
In-flight measurements were collected using a tape measure for circumferences, still digital cameras on-board ISS to capture photographs, and the Space Linear Acceleration Mass Measurement Device (SLAMMD) for body mass measurements. In addition, the tape measure could also be used to measure segment lengths for comparison to data from the photogrammetric method in-flight, time permitting. During in-flight data collection sessions, circumference measurements, photographic imagery, and video imagery were collected twice during three 140-minute sessions (215 minutes with operator time) on FD 15, 80, and R-30 (reserve sessions on FD 45, 105, 135). The process included setup of the cameras, subject preparation (placing body markers on the subject), collecting two photographs of each of three postures, measuring circumferences with a tape measure, and NBP video. A camera calibration activity was also conducted prior to each Body Measures data collection session. Body mass measurements were taken during three 50-minute sessions.
Results for this experiment are not available until this experiment is completed.
|Mission||Launch/Start Date||Landing/End Date||Duration|
|Expedition 37||09/10/2013||11/10/2013||61 days|
|Expedition 38||11/10/2013||03/10/2014||120 days|
|Expedition 39||03/10/2014||05/13/2014||64 days|
|Expedition 40||05/13/2014||09/10/2014||133 days|
|Expedition 41||09/10/2014||11/09/2014||29 days|
|Expedition 42||11/10/2014||03/11/2015||121 days|
|Expedition 43||03/11/2015||06/10/2015||91 days|
|Expedition 44||06/10/2015||09/11/2015||93 days|
|Expedition 45||09/11/2015||12/11/2015||91 days|
|Expedition 46||12/11/2015||03/02/2016||82 days|
|Expedition 47||03/02/2016||06/18/2016||108 days|
|Expedition 48||06/18/2016||09/06/2016||80 days|
|Expedition 49||09/06/2016||10/30/2016||54 days|
|Expedition 50||10/28/2016||04/09/2017||164 days|
|Expedition 51||04/09/2017||06/02/2017||55 days|
|Expedition 52||06/02/2017||09/02/2017||92 days|