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Composing and Developing Resilient, Adaptive, and Self-Sustaining Teams for Long Duration Space Exploration (NNX11AR22G)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

In this study, investigators sought to better understand what characteristics of individuals and teams are necessary for successful long-duration space exploration, as well as how teams can best cope with highly autonomous conditions over long periods of time. In particular, they examined optimal team composition for long-duration space flight as well as countermeasures to develop and maintain team resilience under isolated and confined conditions. They investigated conditions of autonomy and leadership as well as the utility of team debriefing in maintaining resilience under stressful conditions. By measuring the team composition variables and matching them to specific roles within a controlled environment, they were able to determine what characteristics of individuals and teams are necessary for successful long-duration space exploration.

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Eddy E, Tannenbaum SI, and Mathieu JE. Helping teams to help themselves: Comparing two team-led debriefing methods. Personnel Psychology. 2013. Winter; 66(4):975-1008. [DOI]

Mathieu JE, Tannenbaum SI, Donsbach JS, and Alliger GM. A review and integration of team composition models: Moving toward a dynamic and temporal framework. Journal of Management. 2014. January; 40(1):130-60. [DOI]

Salas E, Tannenbaum SI, Kozlowski SWJ, Miller CA, Mathieu JE, and Vessey WB. Teams in space exploration: A new frontier for the science of team effectiveness. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2015. June; 24(3):200-7. [DOI]

Mathieu JE, Tannenbaum SI, Kukenberger MR, Donsbach JS, and Alliger GM. Team role experience and orientation: A measure and tests of construct validity. Group and Organization Management. 2015. February; 40(1):6-34. [DOI]

Alliger GM, Cerasoli CP, Tannenbaum SI, and Vessey WB. Team resilience: How teams flourish under pressure. Organizational Dynamics. 2015. July–September (44) 3:176-184. [DOI]

Task performance and analysis

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Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. Data sets are not publicly available but can be requested.
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Team effectiveness
Team performance
Team resilience
Team sustainability
Team viability

Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress
HERA Campaign 1 02/27/2014 09/11/2014 Four 7-day missions
HERA Campaign 2 01/30/2015 08/27/2015 Four 14-day missions
NEEMO 18 07/21/2014 07/29/2014 9 days

Human Research Program (HRP) Human Research Roadmap (HRR) Information
Crew health and performance is critical to successful human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. The Human Research Program (HRP) investigates and mitigates the highest risks to human health and performance, providing essential countermeasures and technologies for human space exploration. Risks include physiological and performance effects from hazards such as radiation, altered gravity, and hostile environments, as well as unique challenges in medical support, human factors, and behavioral health support. The HRP utilizes an Integrated Research Plan (IRP) to identify the approach and research activities planned to address these risks, which are assigned to specific Elements within the program. The Human Research Roadmap is the web-based tool for communicating the IRP content.

The Human Research Roadmap is located at:

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Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Jessica Keune
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2010 Crew Health NNJ10ZSA003N