Skip to page content Mission Information

EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Effects of Cosmic Particle Radiation on the Eye (A17-5)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Radiation biology
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Perognathus longimembris Species: Mouse, Pocket

Description
Objectives:

Various types of "light flashes" had been seen by astronauts on previous Apollo missions. This experiment was to explore for the first time the question of the radiobiological hazard posed to the retina from cosmic ray particles. The objective of this study was to derive preliminary information on the risk to the human retina from the passage of cosmic ray particles through the eyes in the course of deep space missions. No method was incorporated to ascertain whether light flashes were produced in the mouse eyes. However, the astronauts themselves observed several flashes.


++ -- View more

Publications
Philpott, D.E. et al.: The Effects of Cosmic Particle Radiation on Pocket Mice Aboard Apollo XVII: V. Preflight Studies on Tolerance of Pocket Mice to Oxygen and Heat: Part III. Effects on the Eyes. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 46, no. 4, sec. II, 1975, pp. 524-527.

Philpott, D.E. et al.: The Effects of Cosmic Particle Radiation on Pocket Mice Aboard Apollo XVII: XI. Results of Eye Examination. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 46, no. 4, sec. II, 1975, pp. 607-612.

Philpott, D.E. et al.: Ultrastructural Investigation of the "Light Flash" Phenomenon Seen by Our Astronauts Through Exposure of Pocket Mouse and Rabbit Retina to X-Ray, Nitrogen and Oxygen Irradiation. Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Document No. LBL-2016, 1973, pp. 172-178.

Keywords
Cosmic radiation
Eye
Eye injuries
Radiation
Radiation effects
++ -- View more

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. No data sets are available for this experiment. Please Contact LSDA if you know of available data for this investigation.

Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Apollo 17 12/07/1972 12/19/1972 12 days

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Ames Research Center (ARC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Ames Research Center LSDA Level 3
Project Manager: Martha Del Alto
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Alternate Experiment Name
M121
Protocol / Approach
Trajectory control
Untreated