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Using a Human Capabilities Framework to Quantify Crew Task Performance in Human-Robotic Systems (80NSSC19K0655)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Human factors
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Effective space exploration requires proper task coordination between humans and robotic systems. These systems can be characterized in a variety of ways, from level of autonomy to the number of functions provided. At the most basic level a robotic system can be considered a hand tool while something more complex could be a humanoid companion. To ensure the robotic system is effective, the crew must trust that the system performs its intended function(s), or retain enough Situation Awareness (SA) and capability to find another way to execute the required task.

Currently, there are no comprehensive standards for measuring, monitoring, and evaluating task performance with regard to crewmember capabilities, the design of the task, and the dynamic spacecraft environment. This study seeks to address this missing performance infrastructure by providing a conceptual framework for measuring task design quality and developing a path for validation using a task performance metric through experimentation both in university labs and using NASA’s space flight analog missions.

This study has the following objectives:

  1. Evaluate Quantitative Framework for Measuring Crew Capabilities and Task Interaction.
  2. Explore Instrumentation for Measuring Human Capabilities.
  3. Human Research Study to identify the use of physiological data.

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Task performance and analysis
Physiological Stress

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Absorbed oxygen in the blood stream
Activation of certain brain regions
Blood volume pulse
Completion percent
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
Proposal Source
2017 HERO 80JSC017N0001-Crew Health and Performance