In order to mitigate mission disruptions and to reduce the risks for crew/autonomous-system teams, research is needed to identify relevant standards and guidelines for individual and team problem solving training, as well as for training related to human-systems interface during autonomous missions. This study aims to characterize these standards and guidelines, to develop a set of validated measures and metrics for determining training effectiveness, and to produce a model of dynamic individual and team problem-solving performance in response to change. This work will provide a cross-cutting, integrative assessment of individual and team problem-solving skills, focusing specifically on team coherence, adaptability, and trust. In addition, it will contribute to the establishment of standards and guidelines both for training, and also for the development of future decision-and execution-support systems. It will use the Artemis Program architecture as a starting point for examining operationally-relevant team performance in the context of space flight tasks specifically related to the construction of a future Lunar base.
The Massachusetts General Hospital, in collaboration with the University of California at Davis developed the following specific aims:
The investigators will leverage previous collaborations and research relationships to identify candidate research sites, as an initial demonstration of the feasibility and relevance of this type of analog field-site to space flight operations. Furthermore, investigators will develop organizational and hierarchical breakdowns to characterize the relationships among team-members, and will conduct interviews, observations, and contextual inquiries across the teams to examine how factors such as roles, tasks, assignments, operational situations, construction phases, experience, training, and other key variables identified through the literature analysis phase relate to the formation and appraisal of various team-based skills and needs. Investigators plan to conduct field research at these sites over a period of six to twelve months.
Leveraging qualitative data analysis methodologies, the investigators will extrapolate measures and metrics for team-based performance and problem-solving skills from the attributes and characterizations derived from the contextual inquiry field-study proposed in Aim 1. By understanding the various elements and dimensions of performance-based team skills that are relevant to large-scale construction tasks, they will translate the findings of their investigation in an Earth-bound analog to operationally significant conclusions that can be applied to the tracking and assessment of team-based performance in long-duration space flight.
Using the set of team performance attributes resulting from Aim 1 and the metrics and measures from Aim 2, the investigators will leverage tradespace exploration and systems engineering methodologies to model effective team performance outcomes and generate a framework for promoting team functioning resilience through pre-mission training and optimal interface with on-board support systems. These will provide the basis for a series of matrixed task-specific recommendations that will be developed with a consideration for integration into pre-mission training flows, as well as dynamic just-in-time and on-board refresher training programs.
This work will provide a cross-cutting, integrative assessment of individual and team problem-solving skills, focusing specifically on team coherence, adaptability, and trust, and will contribute to the establishment of standards and guidelines both for training, and also for the development of future decision-and execution-support systems.
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