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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Establishment of Training Metrics, Standards, and Guidelines for Long-Duration Space Missions (80NSSC20K0844)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
Future human space exploration missions will necessitate that astronaut crews work autonomously to solve unexpected and time-critical problems, and will demand increased individual and team problem-solving flexibility. Such missions will also require increased reliance upon on-board human-system capabilities to help crewmembers identify anomalies, solve novel problems, and execute complex autonomous operations when responding to unanticipated events. The ability of these individuals and multi-agent teams to perform at a high level, and to maintain resilience in their functioning in the face of unpredictable contingencies will, therefore, be integral to mission success and safety.

In order to mitigate mission disruptions and to reduce the risks for crew/autonomous-system teams, research is needed to identify relevant standards and guidelines for individual and team problem solving training, as well as for training related to human-systems interface during autonomous missions. This study aims to characterize these standards and guidelines, to develop a set of validated measures and metrics for determining training effectiveness, and to produce a model of dynamic individual and team problem-solving performance in response to change. This work will provide a cross-cutting, integrative assessment of individual and team problem-solving skills, focusing specifically on team coherence, adaptability, and trust. In addition, it will contribute to the establishment of standards and guidelines both for training, and also for the development of future decision-and execution-support systems. It will use the Artemis Program architecture as a starting point for examining operationally-relevant team performance in the context of space flight tasks specifically related to the construction of a future Lunar base.

The Massachusetts General Hospital, in collaboration with the University of California at Davis developed the following specific aims:

  1. Determine, through contextual inquiry in an Earth-bound analog for in-situ Lunar base construction (e.g., complex construction site operations), how problem-solving skills are developed and used across a variety of operational tasks and situations relevant to future long-duration space flight exploration, and to identify which individual and team skills are most important to performing tasks in both normal and emergency conditions.
  2. Develop a set of metrics and measures of problem-solving skills for both individuals and teams, in order to determine the relationship of individual cognitive processes/skills to team cognitive processes/skills, and describe how these skills change over time.
  3. Leveraging the insights gained in Aims 1 and 2, develop a set of training guidelines and recommendations for individual and team problem-solving skills, including for the effective interface with on-board support systems.


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Keywords
Questionnaires
Task performance and analysis
Autonomy

Data Information
Data Availability
Archiving in progress. Data is not yet available for this experiment.

Parameters
Adaptability
Performance, team
Team cohesion
Trust

Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Additional Information
Co-Investigators
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Proposal Date
03/09/2020
Proposal Source
2018 HERO 80JSC018N0001-Crew Health and Performance (FLAGSHIP, OMNIBUS). Appendix A-Flagship, Appendix B-Omnibus