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Clinical Biochemistry (AP004)
Research Area:
Clinical medicine
Network physiology
Renal, fluid and electrolyte physiology
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

The Clinical Biochemistry studies performed during the Apollo 7-17 missions were instituted to provide data that would, in concert with medical histories and physical examinations, permit an objective assessment of crew physical status. Since comparable results were not consistently available from the Mercury and Gemini programs, these studies provided investigators with their first documentation of the normal biochemistry of astronauts.

The objectives of the biochemical studies were:
1. To provide routine laboratory data for assessment of preflight crew physical status and for postflight comparisons.
2. To detect clinical or pathological abnormalities, which might have required remedial action preflight.
3. To discover, as early as possible, any infectious disease process during the postflight quarantine periods following certain missions.
4. To obtain fundamental medical knowledge relative to man's adjustment to and return from the space flight environment.

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Alexander WC, Leach CS, Fischer CL. In: Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, Berry CA, eds. Washington, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975: 185-196. NASA Special Publication SP-368. [NTRS]

Anderson M, Rummel JA, Deutsch S. BIOSPEX: A Compendium of Life Science Experiments Carried on U. S. Spacecraft. NASA Technical Memorandum 58217, p. 1, 1979. [NTRS]

Berry CA. Apollo 7 to 11: Medical Concerns and Results. NASA TM X-58034, p. 16-17, 1969. [NTRS]

Berry CA. Summary of medical experience in the Apollo 7 through 11 manned spaceflights. Aerospace Med 1970 May; 41 (5): 510-512.[]

Adaptation, physiological
Blood chemical analysis

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. Some data sets are online.
Data Sets + View data

Some data sets are not publicly available but can be requested.
Data Sets+ Request data

Albumin: blood
Alkaline phosphatase: blood
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
Calcium: blood
Calcium: urine
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Apollo 10 05/18/1969 05/26/1969 8 days
Apollo 11 07/16/1969 07/24/1969 8 days
Apollo 12 11/14/1969 11/24/1969 10 days
Apollo 13 04/11/1970 04/17/1970 6 days
Apollo 14 01/31/1971 02/09/1971 9 days
Apollo 15 07/26/1971 08/07/1971 12 days
Apollo 16 04/16/1972 04/27/1972 11 days
Apollo 17 12/07/1972 12/19/1972 12 days
Apollo 7 10/11/1968 10/22/1968 11 days
Apollo 8 12/21/1968 12/27/1968 6 days
Apollo 9 03/03/1969 03/13/1969 10 days

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Pamela A. Bieri
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)