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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Autogenic Feedback Training Exercise (AFTE) As a Preventive Method for Space Adaptation Syndrome (178195 2_3)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Human factors
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
Space motion sickness, a disorder which produces symptoms similar to those on Earth, has affected half of the astronauts and cosmonauts exposed to microgravity. Symptoms can be severely debilitating and a solution to this biomedical problem is a high priority for the safety end effectiveness of spaceflight. The objective of this study was to develop a method of training people to control their own motion sickness symptoms. The method of treatment is Autogenic Feedback Training (AFT). It is a combination of biofeedback and Autogenic Therapy which involves training physiological self-regulation as an alternative to pharmacological treatment. By studying the physiological and behavioral responses to microgravity, it may be possible to facilitate adaptation to the spaceflight environment.


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Publications
Bergner D, Eodice M: Autogenic Feedback System-2 (AFS-2) User Manual. NASA Tech Brief, Document Number: A9SP-8803-D100 , 1995.

Cowings PS, Toscano WB, Miller NE, Pickering TG, Shapiro D: Autogenic-feedback training: a potential treatment for post-flight orthostatic intolerance in aerospace crews. Clinical Autonomic Research, Abstract, vol. 4, 1994, pp. 197.

Cowings PS, Toscano WB, Miller NE, Pickering TG, Shapiro D: Autogenic-feedback training: a potential treatment for post-flight orthostatic intolerance in aerospace crews. Journal of Clinical pharmacology, vol. 34 , 1994, pp. 599-608. pubmed.gov

Cowings PS, Toscano WB, Miller NE, Pickering TG, Shapiro D: Autogenic-feedback training: a potential treatment for post-flight orthostatic intolerance in aerospace crews. NASA TM - 108785 , 1993, pp. ill.

Cowings PS, Toscano WB, Sekiguchi C, Ishii M: Preflight autogenic-feedback training for the control of motion sickness: Spacelab-J [abstract]. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, vol. 64 (5), May 1993, pp. 431.

Cowings PS, Toscano WB: Autogenic-feedback training (AFT) as a preventative method for space motion sickness: background and experimental design. NASA TM - 108780 , 1993, pp. ill.

Cowings PS, Toscano WB: Monitoring and correcting human autonomic function during long-term adaptation to microgravity. The annual meeting of the American Autonomic Society and Clinical Autonomic Research Society, Toronto, vol. 6(5), October, 1996, pp. 305.

Kellar MA, Folen RA, Cowings PS, Toscano WB, Kisert GL: Autogenic-Feedback Training Improves Pilot Performance During Emergency Flying Conditions. NASA Technical Memo - 104005; Flight Safety Digest , July 1993.

Stout CS, Cowings PS: Increasing accuracy in the assessment of motion sickness: a construct methodology. NASA TM - 108797 , 1993, pp. ill. [NTRS]

Stout CS, Toscano WB, Cowings PS: Reliability of autonomic responses and malaise across multiple motion sickness stimulation tests. NASA TM 108787, vol. 7, 1993, pp. ill. [NTRS]

Toscano WB, Cowings PS, Miller NE: Autonomic responses to microgravity. Clinical Autonomic Research, vol. 4 (4), 1994, pp. 220.

Toscano WB, Cowings PS: Heart rate variability during early adaptation to space (abstract). Clinical Autonomic Research, vol. 4 (4), 1994, pp. 220.

Toscano WB, Cowings PS: Heart rate variability of humans in space [abstract]. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, vol. 64(5), May 1993, pp. 430.

Toscano WB, Cowings PS: The effects of autogenic-feeback training on motion sickness severity and heart rate variability in astronauts. NASA Tech, Memorandum 108840 , 1994. [NTRS]

Parameters
Activity, conductance, Skin, human, Sensor, recorder, mho
Activity, Electrocardiogram (ECG), human, Biobelt, recorder, display
Activity, pulse, Finger cot sensor, recorder, pulses/minute
Respiration, rate, Human, Chest expansion monitor, recorder
Response, acceleration, X axis, head, human, Rotation device, multiple sensors, recorder
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
STS-47 09/12/1992 09/19/1992 7 days

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Ames Research Center (ARC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Ames Research Center LSDA Level 3
Project Manager: Helen Stewart
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Protocol / Approach
Control (no preflight AFT)
Proposal Source
AO-OSS-1-78