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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Skylab Crew Health (skych)
Research Area:
Clinical medicine
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
The Skylab program's biomedical objectives were to evaluate humans' ability to endure flights up to 84 days in length, to understand some of the mechanisms underlying physiological adaptation to weightlessness, and to identify countermeasures that could permit humans to perform effectively in flights of longer duration. To evaluate overall crew health, evaluations from multiple medical disciplines were necessary. The clinical studies and biomedical experiments of Skylab were designed along classical lines of biomedical research, involving correlative studies of major body systems to determine the dynamics of physiological and behavioral response to space flight.


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Publications
Anonymous. Evaluation of gas exchange and reaction of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to physical work. September 01, 1973. NASA-TT-F-15090.

Anonymous. Skylab mission report, second visit. Postflight analysis of engineering, experimentation, and medical aspects. January 01, 1974. NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States. NASA-TM-X-69996. [NTRS]

Anonymous. Skylab mission report, third visit. July 01, 1974. NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States. NASA-TM-X-70385. [NTRS]

Bailey JV, Hoffman RA, and English RA. Radiological protection and medical dosimetry for the skylab crewman. In: Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, eds. Biomedical Results from Skylab. Washington, DC: NASA Headquarters; 1977:64-69. NASA SP-377. [NTRS]

Berry CA. Medical legacy of Skylab as of May 9, 1974: the manned Skylab missions. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 1976. April; 47(4):418-24. [pubmed.gov]

Buderer MC, Rummel JA, Michel EL, Mauldin DG, and Sawin CF. Exercise cardiac output following Skylab missions: the second manned Skylab mission. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 1976. April; 47(4):365-72. [pubmed.gov]

Dietlein LF. Skylab: A beginning. January 01, 1977. In: Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, eds. Biomedical Results from Skylab. Washington, DC: NASA Headquarters; 1977:408-418. NASA SP-377. [NTRS]

Hordinsky JR. Skylab crew health: Crew surgeon's report. January 01, 1977. In: Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, eds. Biomedical Results from Skylab. Washington, DC: NASA Headquarters; 1977:30-34. NASA SP-377. [NTRS]

Johnston RS and Dietlein LF. Medical Support and Findings of the Skylab Program. March 01, 1975. NASA Johnson Space Center; Houston, TX, United States. NASA-TM-X-58160. [NTRS]

Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, eds. Biomedical Results from Skylab. Washington, DC: NASA Headquarters; 1977:64-69. NASA SP-377. [NTRS]

Rambaut PC, Smith MC Jr, Leach CS, Whedon GD, and Reid J. Nutrition and responses to zero gravity. Federation Proceedings. 1977. April; 36(5):1678-82. [pubmed.gov]

Rummel JA, Sawin CF, Michel EL, Buderer MC, and Thornton WT. Exercise and long duration spaceflight through 84 days. Journal of the American Medical Women’s Association. 1975. April; 30(4):173-87. [pubmed.gov]

Sawin CF, Rummel JA, and Michel EL. Instrumented personal exercise during long-duration space flights. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 1975. April; 46(4 Sec 1):394-400. [pubmed.gov]

Smith HE, Rasquin JR, and Taylor RA (inventors). Digital computing cardiotachometer. November 20, 1973. NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; Huntsville, AL, United States. [NTRS]

Smith MC Jr, Rambaut PC, and Stadler CR. Skylab nutritional studies. Life Sciences and Space Research. 1977;15:193-7. [pubmed.gov]

Taylor GR, Graves RC, Brockett RM, Ferguson JK, and Mieszkuc BJ. Skylab environmental and crew microbiology. In: Johnston RS, Dietlein LF, eds. Biomedical Results from Skylab. Washington, DC: NASA Headquarters; 1977:53-63. NASA SP-377. [NTRS]

Whittle MW. Caloric and exercise requirements of space flight: biostereometric results from skylab. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine. 1979. Feb; 50(2):162-7. [pubmed.gov]

Keywords
Clinical medicine

Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. Some data sets are online.
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Some data sets are not publicly available but can be requested.
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Parameters
Aerobic bacteria colony forming units
Aerosols
Air microbiology
Anaerobic bacteria
Bacterial contamination
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Skylab 2 05/25/1973 06/22/1973 28 days
Skylab 3 07/28/1973 09/25/1973 59.5 days
Skylab 4 11/16/1973 02/08/1974 84 days

Additional Information
Co-Investigators
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Pamela A. Bieri
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Hardware Items