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EXPERIMENT INFORMATION

Habitability and Crew Quarters (M487)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Environmental monitoring
Human factors
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

Description
OBJECTIVES:
Zero-g workstations have been designed throughout manned space flight based on different criteria and requirements for different programs. Because of limited volume, weight, and energy budgets, manned spacecraft before Skylab could not afford the measures of comfort and convenience required to make spacecraft modestly habitable. Spacecraft habitability was not of overriding importance or deemed necessary on previous missions. However, Skylab could afford a measure of comfort and convenience. In consideration of the extended duration of Skylab missions and heavy workload imposed on its crews, the continued proficiency and well-being of the crew was thought to justify the cost of modestly habitable living conditions.

The Habitability and Crew Quarters experiment was established to evaluate the effectiveness of the habitability provisions of Skylab. It was not an experiment in the classical sense. The experiment was more a demonstration of how well technology could reduce habitability to an activity entirely incidental to the space flight mission itself. Within the limits of programmatic resources, Skylab was configured to reflect the best understanding of the requirements for habitability. The experiment sought to evaluate the suitability of those requirements, not the technical excellence of their engineering implementation.


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Publications
Anonymous. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 26: The methods and importance of man-machine engineering evaluations in zero-g. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 May. JSC-09560.

Anthropometric Source Book. Volume 2: A handbook of anthropometric data. NASA-RP-1024, 1978.[NTRS]

Baratono, John R. Skylab Program Payload Integration Technical Report: Skylab Interior Acoustic Environment Report. Martin Marietta. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1972 February. N75-70458.

Belew LF, Stuhlinger E. Skylab A Guidebook. George C. Huntsville, Alabama: Marshall Space Flight Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA-19100.

Bond RL. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 27: Personnel and Equipment Restraint and Mobility Aids (EVA). Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 May. JSC-09561.

Bond, RL. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 7: An Overview of IVA Personnel Restraint Systems. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Oct. JSC-09541.

Brown JW. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 6: Space garments for IVA wear. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Aug. JSC-09540.

Calvin, M. and Gazenko, OG (eds). Foundations of space biology and medicine. Volume 2, book 2: Ecological and physiological bases of space biology and medicine. NASA; Washington, DC, United States. January 01, 1975. NASA-SP-374-VOL-2-BK-2. [NTRS]

Dalton M. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 18: Evaluation of Skylab IVA architecture. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 Dec. JSC-09552.

Dalton MC. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 1: Translational modes and bump protection. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 June. JSC-09535.

Dalton MC. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 10: Body Restraint Systems. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Dec. JSC-09544.

Dalton MC. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 11: Personnel mobility aids. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 Jan. JSC-09545.

Dalton MC. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 12: Temporary equipment restraints. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 Feb. JSC-09546.

Dalton MC. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 2: Architectural requirements for airlock. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 June. JSC-09536.

Dalton MC. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 3: Architectural requirements for sleeping quarters. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 July. JSC-09537.

Dalton MC. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 9: Foot restraint systems. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Dec. JSC-09543.

Gunderson RT and Bond RL. Zero-g workstation design. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1976 June. JSC Internal Note. JSC-09962. [NTRS]

Gunderson RT. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 13: Tools, test equipment and consumables required to support inflight maintenance. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Nov. JSC-09547.

Gunderson RT. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 5: Inflight maintenance as a viable program element. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Sept. JSC-09539.

Jackson J, Bond R and Gunderson R. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 17: Neutral body posture in zero-g. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 July. JSC-09551.

Johnson CC. Skylab experiment M487 habitability/crew quarters. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; October 01, 1975. NASA Technical Memorandum: NASA TM X-58163. [NTRS]

Johnson CC. Skylab experiment M487: habitability/crew quarters. Presented to the AAS Twentieth Annual Meeting; 1974 Aug 20-22; Los Angeles, California: American Astronautical Society, AAS74-133.

Johnson ML. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 14: Personal hygiene equipment. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 Jan. JSC-09548.

Johnson ML. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 19: Food system. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1976 Feb. JSC-09553.

Johnson ML. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 8: Cleansing provisions within the waste management compartment. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Oct. JSC-09542.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Skylab experiment operations handbook: volume 1 experiment descriptions. Houston, Texas: Manned Spacecraft Center, 1971.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Skylab Experiments Volume 7: Living and Working in Space. Washington, D.C. 20546, May 1973.

Orbital Assembly Project Office Skylab Program Office. Skylab 1/2 Corollary Experiments Debriefing. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1973 July. JSC-08082-3.

Orbital Assembly Project Office Skylab Program Office. Skylab 1/3 Corollary Experiments Debriefing. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1973 Oct. JSC-08482.

Purushotham KS. Skylab experiment performance evaluation manual. Appendix D: Experiment M487 habitability/crew quarters (MSFC). Huntsville, Alabama: Marshall Space Flight Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1973 Jan. NASA Contractor Report: NASA CR-61386.

Sova V. Man-machine engineering data applications of Skylab experiments M487 and M516. Bulletin no. 15: Cable management in zero-g. Houston, Texas: Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1975 Sept. JSC-09549.

Training Office - Crew Training and Procedures Division. Skylab 1/4 Technical Crew Debriefing Part I and II. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1974 Feb. JSC-08809.

Training Office - Crew Training and Simulation Division. Skylab 1/3 Technical Crew Debriefing. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center. National Aeronautics and Space Administration; 1973 Oct. JSC-08478.

Keywords
Architecture
Body weight
Clothing
Communication
Environmental monitoring
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Photo Gallery
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Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. No data sets are available for this experiment. Please Contact LSDA if you know of available data for this investigation.

Parameters
Air velocity
Arm span
Atmospheric carbon dioxide
Atmospheric humidity
Distance
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Skylab 2 05/25/1973 06/22/1973 28 days
Skylab 3 07/28/1973 09/25/1973 59.5 days
Skylab 4 11/16/1973 02/08/1974 84 days

Additional Information
Co-Investigators
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Eric Gallagher
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)