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Advanced Exploration Systems Autonomous Mission Operations Project: Crew Autonomy Experiment - 1 (AMO)
Principal Investigator
Research Area:
Behavior and performance
Technology development
Species Studied
Scientific Name: Homo sapiens Species: Human

When future space missions take humans to destinations far from Earth, including asteroids or Mars, communication delays between the distant crew and mission control require crews to work more independently. The Autonomous Mission Operations (AMO) project tested advanced software and operational concepts to determine how crewmembers on the ground and on the International Space Station (ISS) can manage spacecraft systems with less involvement from the ground support staff. The selected hardware systems were the Total Organic Carbon Analyzer (TOCA) and the Station Support Computer (SSC) laptops.

The goal of the ISS study was to assess how effective software tools and associated interfaces developed by the AMO project in the ground-based study are at supporting a more autonomous (crew-centered) concept of operations for the SSC’s and TOCA on the ISS. This study assessed if the information provided onboard by the AMO software tools and accessed through AMO interfaces enhances crew situational awareness sufficiently that the crew is able to make accurate operational decisions and operational recommendations to the ground, rather than the other way around.

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Frank J, Aaseng G, Dalal K, Fry C, Lee C, McCann R, Narasimhan S, Spirkovska L, Swanson K, Wang L, Molin A, and Garner L. Integrating Planning, Execution and Diagnosis to Enable Autonomous Mission Operations. 2013. International Workshop on Planning and Scheduling for Space (IWPSS), Moffett, California, 2013.

Frank J, Spirkovska L, McCann R, Wang L, Pohlkamp K, and Morin L. Autonomous Mission Operations. Conference Paper in IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings. March 2-9, 2013.

Task performance and analysis
Technology assessment

Photo Gallery
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Data Information
Data Availability
Archive is complete. No data sets are available for this experiment. Please Contact LSDA if you know of available data for this investigation.

Coordination difficulty
Performance, subjective
Situational awareness
Task completion accuracy
Task completion rates
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Mission/Study Information
Mission Launch/Start Date Landing/End Date Duration
Expedition 39 03/10/2014 05/13/2014 64 days
Expedition 40 05/13/2014 09/10/2014 133 days
Expedition 41 09/10/2014 11/09/2014 29 days
Expedition 42 11/10/2014 03/11/2015 121 days
Expedition 43 03/11/2015 06/10/2015 91 days
Expedition 44 06/10/2015 09/11/2015 93 days
Ground 05/01/2009 In Progress

Additional Information
Managing NASA Center
Johnson Space Center (JSC)
Responsible NASA Representative
Johnson Space Center LSDA Office
Project Manager: Jessica Keune
Institutional Support
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)