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Regulatory Hardware

In addition to the general components of the Bion 11 hardware suite, discipline-specific hardware was required to perform the regulatory experiments.

Versions of this Hardware
+ As Flown on Bion 11

Components of this Hardware
Sensors and processors measured EMG from 6 muscles (medial gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior, vastus lateralis, soleus, triceps, and biceps), as well as tendon force from the distal tendon of the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle of the left leg.

Signal Processing
EMG signal conditioner cards in the Pre-Amplifier Box processed and preamplified the EMG signals. The TF transducer consisted of an active strain gauge connected to an external compensation module. The external compensation module provided adjustable temperature compensation and voltage scaling. The TF transducer connected to the Pre-Amplifier Box and then the Final Amplifier Box by cables.