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MISSION/STUDY INFORMATION

Mission or Study ID:   STS-53
Program:
Shuttle Program
Spacecraft/Location:
Discovery
Launch/Start Date:
12/02/1992
Landing/End Date:
12/09/1992
Duration:
7 days
STS-53 Crew Patch

Description
STS-53 was the 15th flight of the Space Shuttle Discovery and the 52nd flight of the Space Shuttle system. Launch, although it occurred on the scheduled day, was delayed l hour and 25 minutes due to ice buildup on the external tank. Discovery launched on December 2, 1992 at 8:24 a.m. EST from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The orbiter crew included Commander David M. Walker, Pilot Robert D. Cabana, and Mission Specialists Guion S. Bluford, James S. Voss, and Michael R. Clifford.

STS-53 was a classified Department of Defense mission. No information about the primary payload has been released.

Life sciences experiments performed during the STS-53 mission were those classified as Detailed Supplementary Objectives (DSOs). A DSO is a NASA-sponsored investigation performed by Space Shuttle crewmembers, who serve as the test subjects. These studies are designed to require minimal crew time, power and stowage. Biomedical DSOs focus on operational concerns, including space motion sickness, cardiovascular deconditioning, muscle loss, changes in coordination and balance strategies, radiation exposure, pharmacokinetics and changes in the body's biochemistry.

Additional payloads flown on this mission included multiple Get Away Special (GAS) experiments, including the Orbital Debris Radar Calibration Spheres experiment and the combined Shuttle Glow Experiment/Cryogenic Heat Pipe Experiment; Microcapsules in Space; Space Tissue Loss; Visual Function Tester; Cosmic Radiation Effects and Activation Monitor; Radiation Monitoring Equipment; Fluid Acquisition and Resupply Experiment; Hand-held, Earth-oriented, Real-time, Cooperative, User-friendly, Location-targeting and Environmental System (HERCULES); Battlefield Laser Acquisition Sensor Test; and the Cloud Logic to Optimize Use of Defense Systems (CLOUDS).

Discovery landed at Edwards Air Force Base in California on December 9, 1992, after a successful seven-day mission. Landing was diverted from Kennedy Space Center because of cloud cover.

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