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MISSION/STUDY INFORMATION

Mission or Study ID:   Foton-M2
Program:
International Science Spacecraft
Spacecraft/Location:
Foton-M2
Launch/Start Date:
06/20/2005
Landing/End Date:
07/05/2005
Duration:
16 days

Description
The Russian Foton-M2 mission launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, and was recovered 16 days later when the capsule returned to Earth near the border between Russia and Kazakhstan.

At the invitation of the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Biomedical Problems, investigators from NASA Ames Research Center participated in pre- and post-flight science experiments designed to examine gravity’s relationship to biological processes. The European Space Agency and a number of other space agencies also cooperated with Russia on this mission.

Studies conducted aboard the Foton-M2 mission examined cell growth and morphological tissue changes in geckos, cell proliferation and tissue regeneration of ribbed newts, gene expression and neural re-adaptation of snail vestibular cells to Earth’s gravity, and spaceflight’s effects on genetic structures in bacteria.