Mission or Study ID: STS-7
STS-7 was the 7th mission in the Shuttle program and had a record five people on board. The orbiter crew included Commander Robert L. Crippen, Pilot Frederick H. Hauck, and Mission Specialists John M. Fabian, Norman E. Thagard, and Sally Ride, the first American woman in space. Except for Crippen, all members of this crew were from the astronaut class of 1978, the first astronauts chosen for the Shuttle program. The crew deployed, rendezvoused with and retrieved the German-built SPAS experiment platform, which took the first full pictures of a Shuttle orbiter in space. The crew also released two communications satellites -- Anik C-2 for TELESTAT Canada and Palapa B-1 for Indonesia -- into orbit, and activated a series of materials processing experiments fixed in Challenger's cargo bay that performed research in forming metal alloys in microgravity and the use of remote sensing scanner.
Seven Get Away Special canisters in cargo bay held variety of experiments, including ones studying the affects of space on social behavior of an ant colony in zero gravity. One investigation studied space sickness, while other payloads included the Office of Space and Terrestrial Applications-2 (OSTA-2), the Continuous Flow Electrophoresis System (CFES), the Monodisperse Latex Reactor (MLR) and one Shuttle Student Involvement (SSIP) experiment.
Detailed Supplementary Objectives (DSOs)
Detailed Supplementary Objectives (DSOs) were performed on this mission. ADSO is a NASA-sponsored investigation that is performed by SpaceShuttle crewmembers, who serve as the test subjects. These studies aredesigned to require minimal crew time, power and stowage. Biomedical DSOsfocus on operational concerns, including space motion sickness,cardiovascular deconditioning, muscle loss, changes in coordination andbalance strategies, radiation exposure, pharmacokinetics and changes in thebody's biochemistry.