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Exercise Countermeasure Project (ECP)  

The Exercise Countermeasures Project (ECP) is an ongoing research endeavor designed to develop a new set of exercise countermeasures and determine the types and amounts of exercise needed for both short and long-duration space missions, with a focus on exercise capabilities for exploration missions. Prolonged exposure to microgravity causes astronauts to lose bone, muscle, and work capacity, so exercise is essential to minimize the deconditioning effects of space flight on the human body and to maintain physical capabilities to complete mission tasks. The ECP team is comprised of personnel at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) and Glenn Research Center (GRC), and experts in various scientific disciplines at the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) and other academic institutions. ECP plans to use current ground-based analogs of weightlessness (such as bed rest and zero-gravity aircraft) and also to develop and validate partial-gravity test models and facilities (mimicking Moon and Mars surface operations). The ECP will play an important role in the exploration of the solar system, keeping astronauts healthy, safe, and fit for the required mission tasks.

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Related Experiments
  + Nutrition Coupled with Traditional Resistance or Low-Load Blood Flow Restricted Exercise during Human Limb Suspension (EORS_TIMED)
  + Advanced Exercise Concept Hardware Evaluation: High Eccentric Resistive Overload Exercise Device (EORS_HERO)
  + Analysis of Skeletal Muscle Metrics as Predictors of Functional Task Performance (EORS_FOI)
  + Functional Task Test (FTT) Muscle Performance Reliability Study (EORS_FTTMP)
  + FTT Test/Re-Test Study (EORS_FTT)
  + Critical Mission Tasks Assessment (EORS_CMT)
  + Evaluation of Muscle Size Measurement with Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging – Pilot Study (EORS_Ultrasound)
  + Evaluation of Exercise Hardware for use in the Crew Exploration Vehicle (EORS_CEV)
  + Evaluation of Maximal Oxygen Consumption (VO2PK) Protocols for Determining Ventilatory Threshold (EORS_VT)
  + Comparison of the Muscle Atrophy Research and Exercise System (MARES) and the HUMAC Norm Isokinetic Dynamometer (EORS_MARES)
  + Hardware Evaluation: International Space Station Portable Pulmonary Function System (PPFS) (EORS_PPFS)
  + Hypovolemia as a Model of Space Flight: Cardiovascular Exercise Effects and Countermeasures (EORS_HVS)
  + Reliability of the DAMEC Portable Pulmonary Function System (PPFS) (EORS_PPFS_II)
  + Treadmill with Vibration Isolation and Stabilization (TVIS) Harness Comfort Evaluation (EORS_TVIS)
  + Kinematic and Electromyographic Evaluation of Locomotion on the enhanced-Zero Gravity Locomotion Simulator and in Microgravity (EORS_EMG)
  + The Effect of Increasing Mass upon Locomotion (ROI_TMLS)
  + Musculoskeletal Effects of 16-Weeks of Training with the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (aRED) (ROI_ARED)
  + Musculoskeletal Adaptations to Varying Levels of Eccentric Resistance during 8 Weeks of Training (ROI_EccCon)
  + Motorized and Non-Motorized Treadmill Evaluation: Physiologic Responses and Biomechanical Aspects (ROI_Locomotion)
  + Evaluation of the MuscleLab Power Testing System using Bench Press and Leg Press Exercise (ROI_MusLab)
  + Effect of Load levels of Subject Loading Device on Gait, Ground Reaction Force, and Kinematics during Human Treadmill Locomotion in a Weightless Environment (ROI_SLD)
  + Biomechanical Evaluation of Locomotion on the Russian BD-1 Treadmill in a Weightless Environment (KC-135) (ROI_BD1)
  + Manned Evaluation of the Second Generation International Space Station Treadmill during Parabolic Flight (EORS_T2DC9)
  + Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) Man-In-The-Loop Test (MILT) (ROI_ARED_MILT)
  + Ground-based Biomechanical Analyses of Resistance Exercise Using the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (EORS_Exercise_ARED)
  + Ground Reaction Force and Joint Torque Comparison of the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED), Free Weights, and Smith Machine (EORS_GRF)