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Flight Analogs Project (FAP)

The Flight Analogs Project (FAP) currently underway at the University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB) at Galveston, provides NASA with a ground-based research platform to complement space research. Head down bed rest closely imitates the detrimental effects of microgravity on the human body. A series of studies are being performed on bed rest subjects to determine the effects of microgravity and to develop countermeasures to significantly reduce or eliminate these effects on the human body. By simulating the physiological conditions of weightlessness here on Earth, NASA can test and refine scientific theories and procedures on the ground before using these in space. The Flight Analogs Project is one way NASA will answer questions about future space exploration as well as devise methods to ensure astronaut health, safety and productivity.

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Related Experiments
  + B Complex: 5-Methyltetrahydrofolate, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, and Methylcobalamin Supplementation as a Non-Mechanical Countermeasure to Mitigate Optic Disc Edema Changes During Strict 6º Head-Down Tilt Bed Rest (B_Complex_HDT)
  + Promoting Behavioral Health, Cognitive, Sensorimotor, and Immune Function Using Guided Imagery to Augment Exercise Training in an Isolated and Confined Spaceflight Analog Environment (80NSSC19K1480)
  + Technological Support for Crew/MCC Communication and Collaboration During Space Exploration Operations (80NSSC21K0444)
  + Crew Autonomy Through Self-Scheduling: Guidelines for Crew Scheduling Performance Envelope and Mitigation Strategies (Crew_Self_Scheduling)
  + Understanding Key Components of Successful Autonomous Space Missions (NNX16AM16G)
  + Spaceflight Habitability Acceptability Questionnaire (SHAQ) Development and Validation (SHAQ)
  + Psychology International Standard Measures (HRP_SM_HERA)
  + NSCOR for Evaluating Risk Factors and Biomarkers for Adaptation and Resilience to Spaceflight: Emotional Valence and Social Processes in ICC/ICE Environments (80NSSC17K0644)
  + Project FUSION: Facilitating Unified Systems of Interdependent Organizational Networks (80NSSC18K0511)
  + HERA Standard Measures: Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) (HERA_SM_PANAS)
  + NEK Standard Measures: General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) (NEK_SM_GHQ)
  + NEK Standard Measures: Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) (NEK_SM_PANAS)
  + Measuring, Monitoring, and Regulating Teamwork for Long Duration Missions (NNX13AM77G)
  + Using Real-Time Lexical Indicators to Detect Performance Decrements in Spaceflight Teams: A Methodology to Dynamically Monitor Cognitive, Emotional, and Social Mechanisms that Influence Performance (NCC958NBPF0340)
  + Sensorimotor Assessment and Rehabilitation in Parabolic Flight (Sensorimotor_Rehab)
  + Crew Scheduling Tools (SPIFe_Scheduling)
  + Biomarkers as Predictors of Resiliency and Susceptibility to Stress in Space Flight (NNX14AN49G)
  + Evaluation of the ISS Food Intake Tracker App (ISS_FIT)
  + Dynamic Team Role Allocation in Long Duration, Exploration Missions: Identification of Roles, Triggers, and Measurement Tools (NNX14AM73G)
  + Protocols for Asynchronous Communication in Space Operations: Communication Analysis (Com_Analysis)
  + Bed Rest as a Spaceflight Analog to Study Neurocognitive Changes: Extent, Longevity, and Neural Bases (NCC958SA02802)
  + SCALE: Shared Cognitive Architectures for Long-term Exploration (NNX15AM26G)
  + CREWS: Crew Recommender for Effective Work in Space (NNX15AM32G)
  + Understanding and Preventing Crew Member Task Entrainment (NNX15AK77G)
  + Cognitive Performance and Crew Cohesion during Confinement in NASA’s Human Research Program Human Exploration Research Analog (NNX14AH98G)
  + Effects of Isolation and Confinement on Hippocampal Volume and Visuo-Spatial Memory (Vol_Spatial_Memory)
  + Wearable Biosensor Monitor to Support Autonomous Crew Health and Readiness to Perform (Wearable_Bio_Monitor)
  + Team Task Switching in Astronaut Crews on the International Space Station: Integrating Multiteam Membership, Multiteam Systems, Multitasking, & Multidimensional Networks to Monitor & Enable Functional Work Shifts in Astronaut Crews (NNX15AK73G)
  + Graded Exercise Test to Volitional Exertion (Bruce protocol) (BRUCE)
  + Foot Reaction Forces during Bed Rest Analog for Lunar Exploration (Foot_Forces)
  + Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) during Bed Rest Analog for Lunar Exploration (MRI_Muscle)
  + Urine Calcium (Urine_Calcium)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Psychological Stress Measures (BRSMPSYCH)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Acetaminophen Test (BRSMAcet)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Actilight (BRSMAct)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Performance Testing (BRSMPT)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Tendon Reflex (BRSMTReflex)
  + Combined Effects of Nutritional and Exercise Countermeasures (BEDREST2013)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Functional Neurological Status Exam (BRSMFNSE)
  + Neuroendocrine and Cardiovascular Response to Tilt (Flight Analog) (MR001G)
  + Clinical Laboratory Assessment (Flight Analog) (MR010G)
  + Clinical Nutritional Assessment (Flight Analog) (MR016G)
  + Bone Densitometry Assessment (Flight Analog) (MR035G)
  + Functional Neurological Assessment: Computerized Dynamic Posturography (Flight Analog) (MR042G)
  + Functional Fitness Assessment (Flight Analog) (MR078G)
  + Isokinetic Muscle Function (Flight Analog) (MR079G)
  + Aerobic Capacity (Flight Analog) (MR080G)
  + Neurocognitive Assessment (WinSCAT) (Cognitive Assessment Tool for Windows) (Flight Analog) (MR085G)
  + Gender Differences in Bedrest: Autonomic and Neuroendocrine Changes and Vascular Responses in Lower and Upper Extremities (BEDREST0543)
  + Bed Rest and Immunity (BEDREST0037)
  + Alterations of Steroidogenesis by Exercise Countermeasures during Bed Rest (BEDREST0046)
  + Human Cerebral Cortex Plasticity in Response to Long-term Bedrest as an Analog to Microgravity (NSBRI20010036)
  + Retention of Skeletal, Musculature, and Postural Status with a Non-Invasive, Extremely Low-Level Mechanical Signal: A Ground-Based Evaluation of Efficacy (BEDREST0035)
  + Ultrasonic Bone Stimulation: Countermeasure to Orthostatic Intolerance (BEDREST0078)
  + Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) (BRSMpQCT)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Functional Mobility Test (BRSMFMT)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Functional Stretch Reflex (BRSMFSR)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: General Immunity (BRSMImmune)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Latent Virus Reactivation (BRSMLVR)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Plasma Volume (BRSMPV)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Cardiovascular Function (BRSMCF)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Reactive Hyperemia and Vasodilation (Vascular Function) (BRSMVF)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Physiological Stress Measures (BRSMPHYS)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Viral Specific Immunity (BRSMVSI)
  + Case Report Form (CRF)
  + Methods for the Assessment of Gastrointestinal Physiology and Function in a Lunar Analog Environment (SmartPill)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Urea Breath Test (BRSMUBT)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Glucose Breath Test (BRSMGBT)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Hepatic and Renal Function (BRSMRF)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Lactulose Test (BRSMLac)
  + Quantitative Computerized Tomography (BRSMQCT)
  + Rapid Measurements of Bone Loss Using Tracer-Less Calcium Isotope Analysis of Blood and Urine (Calcium_Isotope)
  + Thermoregulation (Thermo)
  + Alternative Compression Garment (Flight Analog) (BEDREST_ACG)
  + Surveillance of Ocular Parameters and Visual Function in Bed Rest Subjects (Ocular_Test)
  + Testosterone Supplementation as a Countermeasure against Musculoskeletal Losses during Space Exploration (NNX10AP86G)
  + Effects of Retronasal Smelling, Variety and Choice on Appetite and Satiety (NNX11AE53G)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Intelligent Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (BRSMiDXA)
  + A Quantitative Test of On-Orbit Exercise Countermeasures for Bone Demineralization Using a Bed Rest Analog (UWSCI)
  + Integrated Resistance and Aerobic Exercise Training With Small Compact Exercise Equipment (BEDREST_iRATS)
  + Physiological Factors Contributing to Post Bed Rest Changes in Functional Performance (Functional Task Test) (BEDREST_FTT)
  + AD ASTRA: Automated Detection of Attitudes and States through Transaction Recordings Analysis (NNX12AB40G)
  + Bed Rest Standard Measures: Vertical Jump (BRSMVJ)
  + Habitability Ground and Analog Testing (Habitability_Testing)
  + Quantifying and Predicting Operationally-Relevant Performance in a Long-Duration Spaceflight Analog (NNX16AO30G)
  + A US-Russian Collaborative Proposal for Data Collection in HERA: The Relationship between Composition, Interpersonal Relations, and Team Effectiveness in Space Crews (NNX16AQ48G)
  + Real-Time Estimation of the Effects of a Simulated Long-Duration Exploration Mission on Flight Performance, Workload, and Situation Awareness (NNX16AO29G)
  + Developing and Validating Sensor-based Measurement Strategies for Team Member Selection (NNX17AB55G)
  + A Multi-faceted Approach to Examine Team Adaptation and Resilience within Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments (NNX16AM17G)
  + Evaluation of the Validity, Acceptability and Usability of Biomathematical Models to Predict Fatigue in an Operational Environment (Operational_Fatigue)
  + Composing and Developing Resilient, Adaptive, and Self-Sustaining Teams for Long Duration Space Exploration (NNX11AR22G)
  + Optical Computer Recognition of Stress, Affect and Fatigue in Space Flight (OCR_Validation)
  + Development of an Objective Behavioral Assay of Cohesion to Enhance Composition, Task Performance, and Psychosocial Adaptation in Long-Term Work Groups (Work_Groups)
  + Identification and Validation of BHP Standard Measures in HERA for Transport (BHP_SM)
  + Leadership-Followership: Moving Beyond Traditional Leadership to Build Highly Functioning Autonomous Teams (NNX14AK54G)
  + Effects of Long-Duration Spaceflight on Venous and Arterial Compliance in Astronauts: Bed Rest Study (BEDREST_NaVC)
  + Meal Replacement Mass Reduction and Integration Acceptability Study (Mass_Reduction_2)
  + Using a Human Capabilities Framework to Quantify Crew Task Performance in Human-Robotic Systems (80NSSC19K0655)
  + NEK Standard Measures: Serum Measurements for Nutrition (NEK_SM_Blood)
  + HERA Standard Measures: Serum Measurements for Nutrition (HERA_SM_Blood)
  + Exercise Countermeasure to Prevent Ocular Structural and Functional Changes in a Terrestrial Model of SANS (80NSSC20K1034)
  + Ophthalmic and Intracranial Structural Changes in Head-down Tilt Bedrest: Potential Countermeasures and Comparison to SANS Findings in Astronauts (OPTICS Study) (80NSSC20K0920)