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Shuttle Ongoing Research

NASA's Space Shuttle Program turned the dream to live and work in space into a reality by enabling humans to build the world's largest orbiting laboratory, the International Space Station (ISS). The Space Shuttle is a reusable spacecraft that launches like a rocket, has maneuverability in space, and lands like an airplane. The Shuttle can be used as an observation post in space, as a ferry to resupply the space station, as well as a space platform for a fully equipped laboratory to perform medical, scientific, engineering, and industrial experiments. As one of NASA's foremost projects, the Shuttle Program has accomplished many tasks enhancing the quality of life on Earth, such as launching weather satellites and improving drug development.

Some life sciences experiments are developed and readied for flight on a variety of platforms such as the ISS and the Space Shuttle. Detailed Supplementary Objectives (DSOs) and Supplemental Medical Objectives (SMOs) are the primary types of life sciences investigations currently being conducted as a part of the Space Shuttle missions.

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Related Experiments
  + Space Flight Induced Reactivation of Epstein-Barr Virus (98-E129)
  + Streptococcus Pneumoniae Expression of Genes in Space (SPEGIS) (9802291)
  + Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (99-E039)
  + Evaluation of Commercial Compression Garments to Prevent Post-Spaceflight Orthostatic Intolerance (Alternative Compression Garments) (ACG)
  + Commercial Biomedical Testing Module (CBTM) - 2 (ARC00XX13)
  + Fungal Pathogenesis, Tumorigenesis, and Effects on Host Immunity in Space (FIT) (ARC00XX6)
  + Cosmic Radiation and Effects Activation Monitor (CREAM)
  + Bioavailability and Performance Effects of Promethazine (PMZ) During Space Flight (DSO 490)
  + Monitoring Latent Virus Reactivation and Shedding in Astronauts (DSO 493)
  + Space Flight and Immune Function (DSO 498)
  + Gastrointestinal Absorption and Pharmacokinetics in Astronauts (DSO 632)
  + Renal Stone Risk During Spaceflight: Assessment and Countermeasure Validation (DSO 633)
  + Sleep-Wake Actigraphy and Light Exposure During Spaceflight (DSO 634)
  + Spatial Reorientation of Sensorimotor Balance Control in Altered Gravity (DSO 635)
  + Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (E136)
  + Study of Low Back Pain in Crewmembers During Space Flight (ESA_04_E023)
  + Physiological Factors Contributing to Postflight Changes in Functional Performance (Functional Task Test) (FTT)
  + In-Suit Doppler Ultrasound for Determining Risk of Decompression (RME 1309)
  + Treadmill with Vibration Isolation and Stabilization System (TVIS) (RME 1318)
  + Assessment of Human Factors: Effects of Vibration on Visual Performance During Launch (SDBI_1904)
  + Test of Midodrine as a Countermeasure Against Postflight Orthostatic Hypotension (SMO 006)
  + Validation of Procedures for Monitoring Crewmember Immune Function (SMO 015)
  + Spinal Elongation and its Effects on Seated Height in a Microgravity Environment (Spinal)
  + Integrated Resistance and Aerobic Training Study (Sprint)